RAF instructors begin orientation on UK’s new Protector aircraft

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Photographer: Cpl Will Drummee RAF Copyright: UK MOD © Crown copyright 2023. MOD News Licence.

RAF pilots from 54 Squadron, the UK’s Advanced Air Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance (ISTAR) Academy, are currently undertaking the first Instructor Operating Course on Protector simulators in North Dakota.

The Protector RG Mk 1 is the successor to the Reaper (MQ-9A) and is the next generation of remotely piloted medium-altitude, long endurance (MALE) aircraft.

Protector will be deployed in wide-ranging armed Intelligence, Surveillance, Targeting and Reconnaissance (ISTAR) operations where its ability to fly consistently for up to 40 hours will offer the RAF a vastly improved armed ISTAR capability.

The Operational Conversion Course (OCU) 1 crews, comprising a Pilot, Sensor Operator, and Mission Intelligence Coordinator (MIC), have been testing various simulated scenarios, under the tuition of GA Instructors.  

The GA Instructors were previously evaluated by personnel from the RAF’s Central Flying School-Examination Wing as part of the Military Aviation Authority governed Contractor Flying Approved Organisation Scheme.

Simulated missions include Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) activity to find, fix and follow designated targets on the ground, with the pilot maintaining an optimum position in the air, while the Sensor Operator and MIC work together to maintain target tracking.

The objective of this course is to familiarise the future instructors with RAF-specific training material and mission scenarios that will form the basis of RAF delivered training to all Protector crews. Future OCU training will evaluate the skills required to operate Protector and its equipment, including real-time exploitation of intelligence involving the Multi-Spectral Targeting System and Synthetic Aperture Radar. 

Officer Commanding 54 Squadron, Wing Commander Rob Evans said:

“The Protector Instructor Orientation Course marks an important milestone in the Programme and in the training of the OCU 1 crews, the majority of whom will be the first batch of RAF instructors on Protector. Ensuring the course and the simulator scenarios that support training delivery are suitable for all experience levels is paramount if we are to achieve our future training output. 

“This groundwork, conducted in partnership with General Atomics, will see Protector become a game changing capability for the RAF and future international partners, with realistic simulation at the very heart of training delivery and operational effectiveness.”

Equipped with a suite of advanced equipment and precision strike weapons, Protector will provide critical armed surveillance capability and will be able to deploy against potential adversaries around the globe. The aircraft will also be able to fly in busy unsegregated airspace thanks to ‘detect and avoid’ technology with a potential endurance of over 40 hours.

54 Squadron, who are leading aircrew training for the RAF is based at RAF Waddington, hub of the RAF’s ISTAR fleet. Previous aircraft flown by the Squadron include the Gauntlet, Spitfire, Phantom, and the Jaguar. The Squadron became the ISTAR Operational Conversion Unit in 2005. It has since been responsible for training operators of all the ISTAR platforms and Qualified Weapons Instructors in ISTAR disciplines.

Protector will support UK industry and the manufacture of elements of the aircraft have been won by a UK firm. The Programme includes expansion of 54 Squadron capability, new infrastructure at RAF Waddington such as a training centre for UK and international students. The centre will put the RAFs ISTAR Force at the very forefront of Next Generation Remotely Piloted Air Systems (RPAS) for the UK and partner nations.

The UK is investing in 16 Protector RG Mk1 for the RAF; the first 8 will enable an Initial Operating Capability scheduled for 2025 at RAF Waddington. Capable of operating anywhere in the world, the Lincolnshire base will be the home of the Force, the site of launch and recovery to support domestic training, and command and control for overseas operations.

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