The first baby beaver to be born on Exmoor for 400 years has been spotted on the Holnicote Estate in Somerset.
The youngster, known as a kit, was caught on film by the National Trust at the Holnicote Estate, where beavers were introduced to an enclosure in January 2020.
Footage from a static camera captured the six-week old kit swimming with its mother, back to the family lodge, while she stopped to nibble a branch.
Jack Siviter, one of the rangers on the Holnicote estate said:
A keystone species missing from the British countryside since they were hunted to extinction during the sixteenth century, beavers are playing a new and vital role in watercourse and flood management on the estate and creating an environment that is attracting more wildlife and diversity of species. As nature’s engineers, they are a natural solution to help tackle the biodiversity and climate crisis.
Since their introduction the beavers have been busy creating a dam complex made from trees, mud, stones and vegetation. This has helped slow the flow of water through the catchment, creating ponds and new channels to hold more water in the landscape as well as storing and filtering water to help clean it before it flows downstream.
By holding water back beavers can play a role in reducing the impact of floods and droughts both of which are expected to become more frequent with climate change.
The felling of some of the trees has allowed more light to flood into the woodland floor where ground flora such as sanicle and marsh marigold is now lush and green, while also helping with natural woodland succession building in resilience and creating different habitats to attract other wildlife.
This new wet woodland habitat is now a more diverse habitat offering more food and shelter benefiting and attracting a wide range of wildlife including amphibians, bats and insects such as dragonflies, and birds like sparrow hawk, grey wagtail, heron, moorhens and kingfisher. Otters are also now more regular visitors to the site instead of just passing through.
The beavers have also stripped bark from non-native conifers to create deadwood habitats which are good for bats, owls, woodpeckers and invertebrates.
Ben Eardley, Project Manager for the National Trust at Holnicote, said:
Holnicote is one of the Trust’s Riverlands projects and is co-funded by the Interreg 2 Seas Co-Adapt programme and the Somerset Rivers Authority. For more information visit www.nationaltrust.org.uk/holnicote-beavers